The blackthorn and its fruit, the blackthorn
It is similar to the blueberry in shape and color, but its flavor is much more bitter, which is why it has been used as an ingredient in spirits and digestives, or sugared in jams.
The blackthorn (Prunus spinosa L.) is a perennial shrub of the Rosaceae family, just like the blackberry or strawberries. Its stems are dark, almost black, the edge of its leaves is serrated, its flowers are white and its fruits are small 1 cm balls. approximately in diameter and bluish black in color. The sloe, also called wild plum, has a sour, bitter and harsh taste. Its optimal ripening time is between September and October. The flowers, however, are preferable to collect in spring.
Uses and properties of sloes
Sloes are drupes, like plums, peaches, apricots or cherries. These berries constitute the main ingredient of pacharán or patxaran. The liquor, taken in moderation, facilitates digestion and is invigorating. In addition, the fruits can be eaten raw, if we like very acidic and bitter flavors, or in jam. They have a high content of Vitamin C, which helps prevent colds. Thanks to their tannins, they are also antidiarrheal, antioxidant and antihypertensive.
Here is a homemade recipe for making sloe jam.
The infusion of blackthorn flowers is purifying, laxative, vasodilating, anti-hemorrhoidal, anti-inflammatory, hypotensive and helps regulate cholesterol. In addition, the decoction of its leaves and bark is recommended for diabetics, as it regulates excess blood sugar. The wood extracted from this shrub is very strong and resistant to humidity, which is why it is usually used in the production of tools for the field.
Sloe, Nutritional value (per 100 grams)
Calories: 46 kcal
Carbohydrates: 11.42 g
- Fiber: 1.4g
- Iron: 2.1 mg
- Calcium: 37 mg
- Vitamin C: 9.5 mg
The amount of fiber in sloe also makes it an ally for people with intestinal transit problems. Its vitamin C content not only allows the absorption of iron, but also turns this fruit into a powerful antioxidant, that is, it neutralizes the action of free radicals that are harmful to the body.
Furthermore, introducing sloe into our diet boosts the immune system and helps reduce the risk of degenerative and cardiovascular diseases.
Endrin is also rich in potassium, a basic mineral for the transmission and generation of nerve impulses, for normal muscle activity and intervenes in the balance of water inside and outside the cell, in iron (essential for the creation of red blood cells) and Calcium (essential for strong bones and teeth).